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BIOL 101 - Human Biology (3).
Description: A consideration of selected aspects of the functioning of the human body and of bioethical issues related to human health, heredity and reproduction. Notes: Offered variable times.
3.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Lecture

Biology Department

BIOL 106 - Environment and Man (3).
Description: A study of natural and human environments, effects of humans on the environment and environmental limits and future options. Notes: Offered variable times.
3.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Lecture

Biology Department

BIOL 150 - Elements of Living Systems (3).
Description: A course for non-science majors that introduces the unifying principles of biology. The course will cover various levels of organization from molecules to ecosystems. Topics include ecology, energy use and acquisition, biodiversity, evolution, genetics and cells. Notes: Offered in fall, spring and summer.
3.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Lecture

Biology Department

Course Attributes:
Natural Science - Life

BIOL 150H - Elements of Living Systems

3.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Lecture

Biology Department

Course Attributes:
Natural Science - Life

BIOL 151 - Investigations into Living Systems (1:0:3).
Description: A 1-hour laboratory course for non-science majors that combines the application of scientific method with lab exercises illustrating the unifying principles of biology. Topics include scientific method, data collection, statistical analysis, behavior, ecology, genetics and cells. Notes: Lab Fee: $45. Offered in fall, spring and summer. Corequisites: BIOL 150.
1.000 Credit hours
0.000 Lecture hours
3.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Laboratory/Clinical

Biology Department

Course Attributes:
Natural Science - Life

BIOL 151H - Investigations into Living Systems (1:0:3).
Description: A 1-hour laboratory course for non-science majors that combines the application of scientific method with lab exercises illustrating the unifying principles of biology. Topics include scientific method, data collection, statistical analysis, behavior, ecology, genetics and cells. Notes: Lab Fee: $45. Offered in fall, spring and summer. Corequisites: BIOL 150.
1.000 Credit hours
0.000 Lecture hours
3.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Laboratory/Clinical

Biology Department

Course Attributes:
Natural Science - Life

BIOL 199 - General Biology Elective

4.000 Credit hours
4.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Laboratory/Clinical, Lecture

Biology Department

BIOL 200X - Laboratory Safety Training (0).
Description: A course in laboratory hygiene and safety. Topics covered include bloodborne pathogens, compressed gas cylinders, fire extinguishers, personal protection equipment, basic lab equipment, electrical safety, chemical fume hoods, mammalian tissue culture hazards, UV light safety, and Material Safety Data Sheets.
0.000 Credit hours
0.000 Lecture hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Laboratory/Clinical

Biology Department

BIOL 202 - Freshman Symposium in Biology (0).
Description: Orientation to the Biology Department for Freshmen majors. Resources for biology majors, research opportunities, career opportunities, and Biology-related clubs, organizations, and projects are covered. Notes: Offered in fall.
0.000 Credit hours
0.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Seminar/Recitation

Biology Department

BIOL 203 - Principles of Biology Laboratory (1:0:3).
Description: Laboratory for Biology 204. Notes: Lab Fee: $30. Offered in fall, spring and summer. Corequisites: BIOL 204.
1.000 Credit hours
0.000 Lecture hours
3.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Laboratory/Clinical

Biology Department

Course Attributes:
Natural Science - Life

BIOL 203H - Principles of Biology Laborato

1.000 Credit hours
0.000 Lecture hours
3.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Laboratory/Clinical

Biology Department

Course Attributes:
Natural Science - Life

BIOL 204 - Principles of Biology (3).
Description: An overview of biology, focused on the cell, genetics, evolution, ecology, and animal behavior. Notes: Offered in fall, spring and summer. Corequisites: BIOL 203.
3.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Lecture

Biology Department

Course Attributes:
Natural Science - Life

BIOL 204H - Principles of Biology

3.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Lecture

Biology Department

Course Attributes:
Natural Science - Life

BIOL 205 - General Botany (4:3:3).
Description: A comprehensive study of fundamental structures and functions of plants with detailed consideration of representatives of the major divisions. Notes: Lab Fee: $30. Offered in fall and spring. Prerequisites: BIOL 150 and 151 or BIOL 204.
4.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
3.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Field Studies, Lecture/Lab-Clinical

Biology Department

BIOL 205H - General Botany

4.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
3.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Field Studies, Independent Study/Research, Lecture/Lab-Clinical

Biology Department

BIOL 206 - General Zoology (4:3:3).
Description: A comparison of representatives of the major animal phyla with emphasis on anatomy, physiology, lifestyle and life history. Notes: Lab Fee: $40. Offered in fall and spring. Prerequisites: BIOL 150 and 151 or BIOL 204.
4.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
3.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Lecture/Lab-Clinical

Biology Department

Course Attributes:
Natural Science - Life

BIOL 206H - General Zoology
Description: A comparison of representatives of the major animal phyla with emphasis on anatomy, physiology, lifestyle and life history. Notes: Lab Fee: $40. Offered in fall and spring. Prerequisites: BIOL 150 and 151 or BIOL 204.
4.000 Credit hours
0.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
3.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Lecture/Lab-Clinical

Biology Department

Course Attributes:
Natural Science - Life

BIOL 299 - General Biology Elective

3.000 Credit hours
4.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Laboratory/Clinical, Lecture

Biology Department

BIOL 300 - Scientific Process in Biology (4:2:4).
Description: The application of scientific method to investigations in biology, including hypothesis formulation, experimental design, data analysis, and report preparation. Notes: Lab Fee: $30. Intensive Writing course. Offered in fall and spring. Prerequisites: BIOL 203, 204 and either BIOL 205 or 206; HMXP 102; CHEM 105; MATH 101 or 150 or any MATH course with MATH 101 as a prerequisite. Students must have a minimum GPA of 2.00 in 200-level BIOL courses taken, and a minimum grade of C in CHEM 105 and HMXP 102. A grade of C or better in BIOL 300 is required to enroll in all Biology courses numbered above 300 (except BIOL 303, 304, 307, 308, 461, and 463).
4.000 Credit hours
2.000 Lecture hours
4.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Lecture/Lab-Clinical

Biology Department

Course Attributes:
Intensive Writing

BIOL 302 - Ecology Evolution of Mammals

4.000 Credit hours
2.000 Lecture hours
4.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Laboratory/Clinical, Lecture

Biology Department

BIOL 303 - Field Botany (4:2:4).
Description: A study of plants in their natural environment with field trips and collection, analysis, identification and preservation of plant specimens. Notes: Lab Fee: $30. Offered fall of even years.
4.000 Credit hours
2.000 Lecture hours
4.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Field Studies, Independent Study/Research, Lecture/Lab-Clinical

Biology Department

BIOL 304 - Insect Field Studies (4:3:3).
Description: A study of insects in their natural environment, including field trips, collections, observation, identification and specimen preparation. Notes: Lab Fee: $40. Offered in summer.
4.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
3.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Field Studies, Independent Study/Research, Lecture/Lab-Clinical

Biology Department

BIOL 307 - Human Anatomy (4:3:3).
Description: A study of gross human anatomy with an introduction to the microscopic organization of selected tissues and organs of the body. The laboratory portion involves dissection of animal cadavers and examination of human skeletons and models. Notes: Lab Fee: $50. Offered in fall. Prerequisites: HMXP 102 and General Education Math requirement.
4.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
3.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Lecture/Lab-Clinical

Biology Department

BIOL 307H - Human Anatomy

4.000 Credit hours
0.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
4.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Lecture/Lab-Clinical

Biology Department

BIOL 308 - Human Physiology (4:3:3).
Description: A study of the function of the major human organ systems. The laboratory portion of the course will examine the homeostatic mechanisms that enable the body to maintain a stable internal environment. Notes: Lab Fee: $40. Offered in spring. Prerequisites: HMXP 102 and General Education Math requirement; BIOL 307 is not a prerequisite; BIOL 308 may be taken before BIOL 307.
4.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
3.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Lecture/Lab-Clinical

Biology Department

BIOL 308H - Human Physiology (4:3:3).
Description: A study of the function of the major human organ systems. The laboratory portion of the course will examine the homeostatic mechanisms that enable the body to maintain a stable internal environment. Notes: Lab Fee: $40. Offered in spring. Prerequisites: HMXP 102 and General Education Math requirement; BIOL 307 is not a prerequisite; BIOL 308 may be taken before BIOL 307.
4.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
3.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Lecture/Lab-Clinical

Biology Department

BIOL 309X - Economic Botany (3)
Description: This course is the study of the utilization of plants by people. The content will focus on economic plants involving a description of the cultural uses of plants, the origin of specific useful plants and developing strategies for the sustainable use of plant resources. Prerequisite: BIOL 205.
3.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Lecture

Biology Department

BIOL 310 - Microbiology (4:3:3).
Description: An introductory survey of microbial activities, environment, diversity and economic importance. Bacterial and viral activities are emphasized. Notes: Lab Fee: $40. Offered in fall and spring; summer on demand. Prerequisites: BIOL 204, 205, 206, 300 or NUTR 521; and CHEM 106, 108. A grade of C or better in BIOL 300 is required to enroll in all Biology courses numbered above 300 (except BIOL 302, 304, 307, 308, 461, and 463).
4.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
3.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Lecture/Lab-Clinical

Biology Department

BIOL 310H - Honors: Microbiology
Description: An introductory survey of microbial activities, environment, diversity and economic importance. Bacterial and viral activities are emphasized. Notes: Lab Fee: $40. Offered in fall and spring; summer on demand. Prerequisites: BIOL 204, 205, 206, 300 or NUTR 521; and CHEM 106, 108. A grade of C or better in BIOL 300 is required to enroll in all Biology courses numbered above 300 (except BIOL 303, 304, 307, 308, 323, 461, and 463).
4.000 Credit hours
0.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
3.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Lecture/Lab-Clinical

Biology Department

BIOL 315 - Cell Biology (4:3:3).
Description: An in-depth study of cellular structure, function and chemical composition. The laboratory seeks to develop skills in standard laboratory techniques in cellular, molecular, physiological and environmental studies. Notes: Lab Fee: $50. Offered in fall and spring. Prerequisites: BIOL 204, 205, 206, 300; CHEM 106 and 108. A grade of C or better in BIOL 300 is required to enroll in all Biology courses numbered above 300 (except BIOL 303, 304, 307, 308, 323, 461, and 463).
4.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
3.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Laboratory/Clinical, Lecture

Biology Department

BIOL 315H - Cell Biology
Description: An in-depth study of cellular structure, function and chemical composition. The laboratory seeks to develop skills in standard laboratory techniques in cellular, molecular, physiological and environmental studies. Notes: Lab Fee: $50. Offered in fall and spring. Prerequisites: BIOL 204, 205, 206, 300; CHEM 106 and 108. A grade of C or better in BIOL 300 is required to enroll in all Biology courses numbered above 300 (except BIOL 202, 204, 207, 208, 461, and 463).
4.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
3.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Laboratory/Clinical, Lecture

Biology Department

BIOL 317 - Genetics (4:3:3).
Description: A study of the historical and contemporary aspects of the science of heredity including patterns and modes of inheritance, fundamental aspects of molecular genetics and an introduction to the methods and applications of recombinant DNA technologies. The laboratory aims to provide hands on experience in Mendelian genetics, molecular genetics, and cytogenetics. Notes: Lab Fee: $40. Offered in fall and spring. Prerequisites: BIOL 203/204, 205, 206, 300 (with a C or better); and CHEM 106, 108
4.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
3.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Lecture/Lab-Clinical

Biology Department

BIOL 321 - Microscopic Anatomy (4:2:4).
Description: An introduction to the study of vertebrate tissues, including techniques for slide preparation. Notes: Lab Fee: $30. Offered in fall. Prerequisites: BIOL 204, 205, 206, 300; and CHEM 106, 108. A grade of C or better in BIOL 300 is required to enroll in all Biology courses numbered above 300 (except BIOL 303, 304, 307, 308, 323, 461, and 463).
4.000 Credit hours
2.000 Lecture hours
4.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Lecture/Lab-Clinical

Biology Department

BIOL 321H - Microscopic Anatomy
Description: An introduction to the study of vertebrate tissues, including techniques for slide preparation. Notes: Lab Fee: $30. Offered in fall. Prerequisites: BIOL 204, 205, 206, 300; and CHEM 106, 108. A grade of C or better in BIOL 300 is required to enroll in all Biology courses numbered above 300 (except BIOL 202, 204, 207, 208, 461, and 463).
4.000 Credit hours
0.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
4.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Lecture/Lab-Clinical

Biology Department

BIOL 322 - Developmental Biology (4:2:4).
Description: A study of the ordered processes by which living systems, from cells to multicellular organisms, become structurally and functionally organized. Notes: Lab Fee: $30. Offered in spring. Prerequisites: BIOL 204, 205, 206, 300; and CHEM 106, 108. A grade of C or better in BIOL 300 is required to enroll in all Biology courses numbered above 300 (except BIOL 303, 304, 307, 308, 323, 461, and 463).
4.000 Credit hours
2.000 Lecture hours
4.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Laboratory/Clinical, Lecture

Biology Department

BIOL 323 - Tropical Watershed and Coastal Ecology (4:1:5).
Description: Travel to tropical locations where lectures, seminars, lab and field exercises will trace a watershed from its source to the coast. Notes: Offered in spring of odd years. Prerequisites: Minimum junior status, HMXP 102, BIOL 205 or 206, or permission of instructor.
4.000 Credit hours
1.000 Lecture hours
5.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Field Studies, Independent Study/Research, Lecture/Lab-Clinical

Biology Department

BIOL 341X - History and Environment of Nicaragua (3).
Description: This course combines environmental study and conservation biology in the American tropics in conjunction with a historical analysis of this Latin American nation with a long history of U.S. intervention and involvement. It will be based at a site already used by the Winthrop community for service projects.
3.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Lecture/Lab-Clinical

Biology Department

BIOL 399 - General Biology Elective

3.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Lecture

Biology Department

BIOL 403 - Ecology (4:3:3).
Description: A study of the pattern of relations between organisms and their environment including principles applicable to populations, biotic communities, ecosystems and biosphere. Notes: Lab Fee: $30. Offered in fall. Prerequisites: BIOL 204, 205, 206, 300; and CHEM 106, 108. A grade of C or better in BIOL 300 is required to enroll in all Biology courses numbered above 300 (except BIOL 303, 304, 307, 308, 323, 461, and 463).
4.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
3.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Field Studies, Independent Study/Research, Lecture/Lab-Clinical

Biology Department

BIOL 404 - Animal-Plant Interactions (3).
Description: An evolutionary approach to animal-plant interactions, focusing mainly but not exclusively on invertebrates, and encompassing herbivory, pollination, seed dispersal, insect-eating plants, triffids, and tritrophic interactions. Notes: Offered in spring of even years. Prerequisite: BIOL 203, 204, 205, 206, 300 (all with a C or better); CHEM 106, 108 or permission of the instructor for non-Biology majors. PLEASE REMOVE FROM CATALOG THE EXISTING WORDING:"A grade of C or better in BIOL 300 is required to enroll in all Biology courses numbered above 300 (except BIOL 303, 304, 307, 308, 461, and 463)."
3.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Lecture

Biology Department

BIOL 440 - Readings in Biology (1).
Description: An undergraduate seminar course in which a book or series of research papers will be read and discussed with reference to important current issues in biology. Notes: A grade of S or U is recorded. Offered fall and spring. Prerequisites: BIOL 300 and permission of the instructor. A grade of C or better in BIOL 300 is required to enroll in all Biology courses numbered above 300 (except BIOL 303, 304, 307, 308, 323, 461, and 463).
1.000 Credit hours
0.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
1.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Seminar/Recitation

Biology Department

BIOL 450 - Selected Topics in Biology (4).
Description: In-depth independent inquiry into a selected biological subject. Notes: Lab Fee: $35. Offered in fall, spring and summer. Prerequisites: BIOL 204, 205, 206, 300; and CHEM 106, 108. A grade of C or better in BIOL 300 is required to enroll in all Biology courses numbered above 300 (except BIOL 303, 304, 307, 308, 323, 461, and 463).
4.000 Credit hours
0.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
4.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research

Biology Department

BIOL 450H - Honors:Select Topics in Biolog
In-depth independent inquiry into a selected biological subject. Notes: Lab Fee: $35. Offered in fall, spring, and summer. Prerequisites: BIOL 204, 205, 206, 300; and CHEM 106, 108. A grade of C or better in BIOL 300 is required to enroll in all Biology courses numbered above 300 (except BIOL 303, 304, 307, 308, 323, 461, and 463).
3.000 Credit hours
0.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
3.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research

Biology Department

BIOL 461 - Academic Internship in Biology (1)
Description: An opportunity for biology majors to earn credit for experience gained through apprenticeship work under the supervision of trained professionals. Notes: Credit will not be allowed for both BIOL 461/463. A grade of S or U is recorded for these courses. Offered in fall, spring and summer. Prerequisites: Open only to students majoring in biology with a GPA of 2.0 in both major and overall. Prior approval from the department and Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences is required.
1.000 Credit hours
0.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
1.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Internship

Biology Department

BIOL 463 - Academic Internship in Biology (3)
Description: An opportunity for biology majors to earn credit for experience gained through apprenticeship work under the supervision of trained professionals. Notes: Credit will not be allowed for both BIOL 461/463. A grade of S or U is recorded for these courses. Offered in fall, spring and summer. Prerequisites: Open only to students majoring in biology with a GPA of 2.0 in both major and overall. Prior approval from the department and Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences is required.
3.000 Credit hours
0.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
3.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Internship

Biology Department

BIOL 471 - Undergraduate Research in Biology (3).
Description: Students participate in scholarly research with a faculty member. Requires approval of Departmental Chair. Notes: Lab Fee: $35. Offered in fall, spring and summer. Prerequisites: BIOL 204, 205, 206, 300; and CHEM 106, 108. A grade of C or better in BIOL 300 is required to enroll in all Biology courses numbered above 300 (except BIOL 303, 304, 307, 308, 323, 461, and 463).
3.000 Credit hours
0.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
3.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research

Biology Department

BIOL 472 - Undergraduate Research in Biology (3).
Description: Students participate in scholarly research with a faculty member. Notes: Lab Fee: $35. Requires approval of the departmental chair. Offered in fall, spring and summer. Prerequisites: BIOL 204, 205, 206, 300, 450H or 471; and CHEM 106, 108. A grade of C or better in BIOL 300 is required to enroll in all Biology courses numbered above 300 (except BIOL 303, 304, 307, 308, 323, 461, and 463).
3.000 Credit hours
0.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
3.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research

Biology Department

BIOL 480 - Integration of Biological Principles (3).
Description: A series of lectures, reports, and discussions of biological principles taught in the core courses for the biology major. Historical development of unifying concepts will be analyzed. Notes: Offered in fall and spring. Prerequisites: BIOL 204, 205, 206, 300; one course from each of the two biology areas; CHEM 106, 108; and senior standing. A grade of C or better in BIOL 300 is required to enroll in all Biology courses numbered above 300 (except BIOL 303, 304, 307, 308, 323, 461, and 463).
3.000 Credit hours
0.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
3.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Seminar/Recitation

Biology Department

Course Attributes:
Oral Communication

BIOL 480H - Integration of Biological Prin

3.000 Credit hours
0.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
3.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Seminar/Recitation

Biology Department

Course Attributes:
Oral Communication

BIOL 491 - Departmental Seminar (0)
Description: Presentations of biological research by invited speakers. Notes: A grade of S or U is recorded for these courses. Both offered in fall and spring. Prerequisites: BIOL 204, 205, 206, 300; and CHEM 106, 108. A grade of C or better in BIOL 300 is required to enroll in all Biology courses numbered above 300 (except BIOL 303, 304, 307, 308, 323, 461, and 463).
0.000 Credit hours
0.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Lecture

Biology Department

BIOL 492 - Departmental Seminar (0).
Description: Presentations of biological research by invited speakers. Notes: A grade of S or U is recorded for these courses. Both offered in fall and spring. Prerequisites: BIOL 204, 205, 206, 300; and CHEM 106, 108. A grade of C or better in BIOL 300 is required to enroll in all Biology courses numbered above 300 (except BIOL 303, 304, 307, 308, 323, 461, and 463).
0.000 Credit hours
0.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Lecture

Biology Department

BIOL 495 - Standardized Test Review (1).
Description: This is a standardized test review course to help students prepare to take an entrance exam for medical school, dental school, veterinary school, or another graduate program (MCAT, VCAT, DAT, GRE, etc.). Notes: A grade of S or U is recorded. Offered on demand. Does not count toward the 42 hours of biology required for the major. Prerequisites: Junior standing and permission from the Biology Department Chair. A grade of C or better in BIOL 300 is required to enroll in all Biology courses numbered above 300 (except BIOL 303, 304, 307, 308, 323, 461, and 463).
1.000 Credit hours
1.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Lecture

Biology Department

BIOL 499 - General Biology Elective

3.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Lecture

Biology Department

BIOL 505 - Primate Biology (3).
Description: A study of the morphology, behavior, ecology and evolutionary relationships of primates including prosimians, monkeys, apes and hominids. Notes: Offered every odd year in fall. Prerequisites: BIOL 204, 205, 206 and 300; CHEM 106 and 108; or ANTH 202 and permission of instructor. A grade of C or better in BIOL 300 is required to enroll in all Biology courses numbered above 300 (except BIOL 303, 304, 307, 308, 323, 461, and 463).
3.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Graduate, Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Lecture

Biology Department

BIOL 507 - Neuroanatomy (4:3:3).
Description: A comprehensive study of the Central and Peripheral Nervous Systems with emphasis on the gross features of these two systems. Additionally the primary motor and sensory pathways will be studied along with the effects of trauma and disease to these systems and pathways. The laboratory portion of this class will involve dissection of horse and sheep brains, eyes and examination of plastinated specimens. Notes: Lab Fee: $40. Offered in even spring semesters. Prerequisites: BIOL 307 or 308 or permission of instructor. A grade of C or better in BIOL 300 is required to enroll in all Biology courses numbered above 300 (except BIOL 303, 304, 307, 308, 323, 461, and 463).
4.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
3.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Graduate, Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Lecture/Lab-Clinical

Biology Department

BIOL 508 - Invertebrate Biology (4:3:3).
Description: An introduction to the biology of invertebrate animals with emphases on their physiology, anatomy and evolutionary relationships. Notes: Lab Fee: $35. Offered every odd year in spring. Prerequisites: BIOL 204, 205, 206 and 300; CHEM 106 and 108. A grade of C or better in BIOL 300 is required to enroll in all Biology courses numbered above 300 (except BIOL 303, 304, 307, 308, 323, 461, and 463).
4.000 Credit hours
2.000 Lecture hours
4.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Graduate, Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Laboratory/Clinical, Lecture

Biology Department

BIOL 510 - Vertebrate Natural History (4:2:4).
Description: A course covering the evolution, distribution, ecology and physiology of all classes of fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals. Notes: Lab Fee: $30. Offered every odd year in spring. Prerequisites: BIOL 204, 205, 206 and 300; CHEM 106 and 108. A grade of C or better in BIOL 300 is required to enroll in all Biology courses numbered above 300 (except BIOL 303, 304, 307, 308, 323, 461, and 463).
4.000 Credit hours
2.000 Lecture hours
4.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Graduate, Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Field Studies, Independent Study/Research, Lecture/Lab-Clinical

Biology Department

BIOL 511 - Ornithology (4:2:4).
Description: A lecture and field course in bird evolution, ecology, behavior and field identification. Notes: Lab Fee: $30. Offered in summer. Prerequisites: BIOL 204, 205, 206 and 300 or permission of instructor. A grade of C or better in BIOL 300 is required to enroll in all Biology courses numbered above 300 (except BIOL 303, 304, 307, 308, 343, 461, and 463).
4.000 Credit hours
0.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
6.000 Other hours

Levels: Graduate, Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Field Studies, Independent Study/Research, Lecture/Lab-Clinical

Biology Department

BIOL 513 - Organic Evolution (3).
Description: A study of the mechanism of change in the genetic constitution of populations over time with consideration of historical progress toward our present understanding. Notes: Offered in fall. Prerequisites: BIOL 204, 205, 206, 300 and 317; CHEM 106 and 108. A grade of C or better in BIOL 300 is required to enroll in all Biology courses numbered above 300 (except BIOL 303, 304, 307, 308, 323, 461, and 463).
3.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Graduate, Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Lecture

Biology Department

BIOL 515 - Environmental Biology (4:2:4).
Description: A study of the ways by which human activity alters natural ecosystems and affects human health. Notes: Lab Fee: $35. Offered in spring. Prerequisites: BIOL 204, 205, 206 and 300; CHEM 106 and 108. A grade of C or better in BIOL 300 is required to enroll in all Biology courses numbered above 300 (except BIOL 303, 304, 307, 308, 323, 461, and 463).
4.000 Credit hours
2.000 Lecture hours
4.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Graduate, Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Field Studies, Independent Study/Research, Lecture/Lab-Clinical

Biology Department

BIOL 517 - Human Genetics (3).
Description: A comprehensive study of human genetics, especially covering the area of single gene defects, chromosome disorders, cancer, multifactorial inheritance, immunogenetics, behavior and populations. Notes: Offered variable times. Prerequisites: BIOL 204, 205, 206, 300 and 317; CHEM 106 and 108. A grade of C or better in BIOL 300 is required to enroll in all Biology courses numbered above 300 (except BIOL 303, 304, 307, 308, 323, 461, and 463).
3.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Graduate, Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Lecture

Biology Department

BIOL 518 - Animal Behavior (3).
Description: A study of the mechanisms and patterns of animal activity, including principles of sociobiology. Notes: Offered every even year in spring. Prerequisites: BIOL 204, 205, 206 and 300; CHEM 106 and 108. A grade of C or better in BIOL 300 is required to enroll in all Biology courses numbered above 300 (except BIOL 303, 304, 307, 308, 323, 461, and 463).
3.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Graduate, Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Lecture

Biology Department

BIOL 519 - Mechanisms of Disease (3).
Description: A study of disease cause and progression in humans and animal models at the cellular, molecular and organismal levels. Notes: Offered in fall of even years. Prerequisites: BIOL 300 and 315 or by permission of department chair. A grade of C or better in BIOL 300 is required to enroll in all Biology courses numbered above 300 (except BIOL 303, 304, 307, 308, 323, 461, and 463).
3.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Graduate, Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Lecture

Biology Department

BIOL 521 - Cytogenetics (4:3:3).
Description: A comprehensive study of the chemical and physical properties of chromosomes and their behavior and role in inheritance. Notes: Lab Fee: $30. Offered on demand. Prerequisites: BIOL 204, 205, 206, 300 and 317; CHEM 106 and 108. A grade of C or better in BIOL 300 is required to enroll in all Biology courses numbered above 300 (except BIOL 303, 304, 307, 308, 323, 461, and 463).
4.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
3.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Graduate, Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Laboratory/Clinical, Lecture

Biology Department

BIOL 522 - Immunology (4:3:3).
Description: A study of immunity, of the nature and molecular aspects of the immune response, and of antibodies in the laboratory. Notes: Lab Fee: $40. Offered in spring. Prerequisites: BIOL 204, 205, 206, 300, and 315 or CHEM 523; CHEM 106 and 108. A grade of C or better in BIOL 300 is required to enroll in all Biology courses numbered above 300 (except BIOL 303, 304, 307, 308, 323, 461, and 463).
4.000 Credit hours
2.000 Lecture hours
4.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Graduate, Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Laboratory/Clinical, Lecture

Biology Department

BIOL 524 - Advanced Botany (3).
Description: Relationship of morphology and physiology to environmental factors that limit plant distribution and growth. Notes: Offered variable times. Prerequisites: BIOL 204, 205, 206 and 300; CHEM 106 and 108. A grade of C or better in BIOL 300 is required to enroll in all Biology courses numbered above 300 (except BIOL 303, 304, 307, 308, 323, 461, and 463).
3.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Graduate, Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Lecture

Biology Department

BIOL 525 - Mycology (4:3:3).
Description: Survey of major fungal toxins with emphasis on field collection, identification, structural and functional studies; and methods of laboratory culture and experimentation. Notes: Lab Fee: $35. Offered variable times. Prerequisites: BIOL 204, 205, 206, 300 and 310; CHEM 106 and 108. A grade of C or better in BIOL 300 is required to enroll in all Biology courses numbered above 300 (except BIOL 303, 304, 307, 308, 323, 461, and 463).
4.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
3.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Graduate, Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Laboratory/Clinical, Lecture

Biology Department

BIOL 527 - Population Biology (4:3:3).
Description: A survey of the population biology of plants and animals. Emphasizes the assessment and analysis of demographic factors (age, size and community interactions) that determine the abundance, distribution and diversity of natural populations. Notes: Lab Fee: $30. Offered every odd year in fall. Prerequisites: BIOL 300. A grade of C or better in BIOL 300 is required to enroll in all Biology courses numbered above 300 (except BIOL 303, 304, 307, 308, 323, 461, and 463).
4.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
3.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Graduate, Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Laboratory/Clinical, Lecture

Biology Department

BIOL 530 - Methods in Electron Microscopy (4:2:6).
Description: Introduction to theory and methods used in studying biological and materials science-specimens by scanning and/or transmission electron microscopy. Notes: Lab Fee: $50. Offered every even year in spring. Prerequisites: BIOL 204, 205, 206 and 300; CHEM 106 and 108, and CHEM 301, 302, 304 or CHEM 310 and 311. A grade of C or better in BIOL 300 is required to enroll in all Biology courses numbered above 300 (except BIOL 303, 304, 307, 308, 323, 461, and 463).
4.000 Credit hours
2.000 Lecture hours
6.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Graduate, Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Laboratory/Clinical, Lecture

Biology Department

BIOL 540 - Special Topics in Biology (3).
Description: A detailed examination of specific subjects in biology. Notes: May be retaken for credit when different subjects are taught. Offered variable times. Prerequisites: BIOL 204, 205, 206 and 300; CHEM 106 and 108; or graduate status; or permission of instructor. A grade of C or better in BIOL 300 is required to enroll in all Biology courses numbered above 300 (except BIOL 303, 304, 307, 308, 323, 461, and 463).
3.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Graduate, Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Seminar/Recitation
All Sections for this Course

Biology Department

BIOL 540H - Special Topics in Biology (3)
Description: A detailed examination of specific subjects in biology. Notes: May be retaken for credit when different subjects are taught. Offered variable times. Prerequisites: BIOL 204, 205, 206 and 300; CHEM 106 and 108; or graduate status; or permission of instructor. A grade of C or better in BIOL 300 is required to enroll in all Biology courses numbered above 300 (except BIOL 303, 304, 307, 308, 461, and 463).
3.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours

Levels: Graduate, Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Seminar/Recitation

Biology Department

BIOL 555 - Molecular Biology (3).
Description: A comprehensive, one-semester study of the molecular basis of life. The course includes the structure and function of macromolecules, synthesis and interactions of biologically important molecules, molecular genetics, biochemical energetics, enzymatics, and molecular mechanisms in biological systems. This course is intended for students who plan to enter into a health-professional graduate program (medical school, veterinary school, dental school, medical technology), or a graduate program in biology. Notes: Offered in fall of odd years. Prerequisites: BIOL 300, CHEM 301. A grade of C or better in BIOL 300 is required to enroll in all Biology courses numbered above 300 (except BIOL 303, 304, 307, 308, 323, 461, and 463).
3.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Graduate, Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Lecture

Biology Department

BIOL 557 - Genetic Engineering (4:3:3)
Description: This course is an in-depth study of recombinant DNA techniques and their application in genetic engineering and biotechnology. The class will focus on the progress of current research in these fields. The laboratory aims to develop skills to a broad range of established molecular genetics and genetic engineering methods and applications. Prerequisite: BIOL 317 or graduate status. A grade of C or better in BIOL 300 is required to enroll in all Biology courses numbered above 300 (except 303, 304, 307, 308, 323, 461, and 463). Notes: Lab fee: $50. Offered periodically.
4.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
3.000 Lab hours

Levels: Graduate, Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Lecture/Lab-Clinical

Biology Department

BIOL 560 - Bioinformatics (3).
Description: An introduction to the application of computing tools for the study of macromolecules and the reconstruction of the evolutionary history of genes and organisms. This course will apply the use of computer algorithms and computer databases to study proteins, genes, and genomes. Notes: Offered every even year in fall. Prerequisites: BIOL 300 and one of the following: BIOL 315, BIOL 317, BIOL 555, CHEM 523; or graduate status; or by permission of instructor. A grade of C or better in BIOL 300 is required to enroll in all Biology courses numbered above 300 (except BIOL 303, 304, 307, 308, 323, 461, and 463).
3.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Graduate, Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Lecture

Biology Department

BIOL 599 - General Biology Elective

3.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Graduate, Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Lecture

Biology Department

BIOL 601 - Theory and Method in Biology (3).
Description: This course is intended to introduce graduate students to the basic research and communication techniques of biology. Students will also examine key philosophical and ethical issues in biology today. Notes: Offered in fall. Prerequisites: Permission of instructor.
3.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Graduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Lecture, Seminar/Recitation

Biology Department

BIOL 605 - Bioethics (3).
Description: This course uses lectures, seminars, and case study discussions to review ethical standards for scientists and ethical issues in biology and medicine.
3.000 Credit hours
0.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
3.000 Other hours

Levels: Graduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Seminar/Recitation

Biology Department

BIOL 610 - Recent Advances in Molecular and Cellular Biology (3).
Description: A seminar course with reports and readings that deal with significant recent developments in molecular and cellular biology. Notes: Offered in fall and spring. Prerequisites: 18 hours of biology.
3.000 Credit hours
0.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
3.000 Other hours

Levels: Graduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Seminar/Recitation

Biology Department

BIOL 611 - Recent Advances in Organismic and Developmental Biology (3).
Description: A seminar course with reports and readings that deal with significant recent developments in organismic and developmental biology. Notes: Offered in fall and spring. Prerequisites: 18 hours of biology.
3.000 Credit hours
0.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
3.000 Other hours

Levels: Graduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Seminar/Recitation

Biology Department

BIOL 612 - Recent Advances in Environmental and Evolutionary Biology (3).
Description: A seminar course with reports and readings that deal with significant recent developments in environmental and evolutionary biology. Notes: Offered in fall and spring. Prerequisites: 18 hours of biology.
3.000 Credit hours
0.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
3.000 Other hours

Levels: Graduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Seminar/Recitation

Biology Department

BIOL 620 - Supervised Laboratory Instruction (3:6).
Description: Students work directly with a faculty member in the instruction of the laboratory activities of selected BIOL and SCIE courses. Notes: A grade of S or U is recorded. Offered in fall, spring and summer.
3.000 Credit hours
0.000 Lecture hours
6.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Graduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Laboratory/Clinical

Biology Department

BIOL 629 - Advanced Topics in Cellular/Molecular Biology (3).
Description: An in-depth study of selected topics in cellular and molecular biology, comprising both lecture and seminar-style discussion of recent research literature. Laboratory sections, when offered, emphasize the experimental application of modern molecular techniques. Notes: Offered in fall and spring. May be retaken for additional credit with permission of adviser or chair, Department of Biology. Prerequisites: Permission of instructor. Corequisites: Biology 630 when offered in the same semester.
3.000 Credit hours
0.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
3.000 Other hours

Levels: Graduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Seminar/Recitation

Biology Department

BIOL 631 - Advanced Topics in Organismal and Developmental Biology (3).
Description: Course topics will vary from semester to semester. Topics will include advanced animal social behavior, invertebrate biology and advanced instruction in developmental biology. Notes: Offered in fall and spring. May be retaken for additional credit with permissi on of advisor or chair, Department of Biology. Prerequisites: Permission of instructor.
3.000 Credit hours
0.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
3.000 Other hours

Levels: Graduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Seminar/Recitation

Biology Department

BIOL 632 - Advanced Topics in Ecology/Evolutionary Biology (3).
Description: Course will vary from semester to semester. Course topics will include plant ecology, insect ecology, human ecology and advanced evolutionary biology. Notes: Offered in fall and spring. May be retaken for additional credit with the permission of advisor or chair, Department of Biology. Prerequisites: Permission of instructor
3.000 Credit hours
0.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
3.000 Other hours

Levels: Graduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Seminar/Recitation

Biology Department

BIOL 633 - Advanced Topics in Physiology/Integrative Biology (3).
Description: An in-depth study of selected homeostatic mechanisms in animals, comprising both lecture and seminar-style discussion of recent research literature. Notes: Offered in fall and spring. May be retaken for additional credit with permission of advisor or chair, Department of Biology. Prerequisites: Permission of instructor.
3.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Graduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Lecture, Seminar/Recitation

Biology Department

BIOL 640 - Readings in Biology (1:1).
Description: A seminar in which a book or series of research papers will be read and discussed with reference to important current issues in biology. Notes: May be retaken for additional credit. A grade of S or U is recorded. Offered in fall and spring. Prerequisites: Permission of instructor.
1.000 Credit hours
0.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
1.000 Other hours

Levels: Graduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Seminar/Recitation

Biology Department

BIOL 671 - Graduate Research in Biology (3).
Description: Graduate students participate in scholarly research with a graduate faculty member. Notes: Lab Fee: $30. Open to non-thesis students only. Offered fall, spring and summer. Prerequisites: Graduate standing.
3.000 Credit hours
0.000 Lecture hours
6.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Graduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Laboratory/Clinical

Biology Department

BIOL 695 - Thesis (3).
Description: Faculty directed student research, offered individually, culminating in a written thesis for the MS in biology degree. Notes: Offered in fall, spring and summer. Prerequisite(s): Completion of BIOL 601 with a grade of B or better is required.
3.000 Credit hours
0.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
3.000 Other hours

Levels: Graduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Thesis

Biology Department

BIOL 696 - Thesis (3).
Description: Faculty-directed student research, offered individually, culminating in a written thesis for the MS in Biology degree. Notes: Lab fee: $30. Offered in fall, spring and summer. Prerequisites: Student must file a signed thesis proposal and thesis committee form with the Deparment Graduate director before enrolling in this class.
3.000 Credit hours
0.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
3.000 Other hours

Levels: Graduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Thesis

Biology Department

BIOL 697 - Presentation of Biological Research (1).
Description: Students will prepare a seminar presentation based on thesis research and will present it as a part of the departmental seminar series. Notes: A grade of S or U is recorded. Offered in fall, spring and summer. Prerequisites: Thesis option and permission of instructor.
1.000 Credit hours
0.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
1.000 Other hours

Levels: Graduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Thesis

Biology Department

BIOL 699 - General Biology Elective

3.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
0.000 Other hours

Levels: Graduate
Schedule Types: Independent Study/Research, Lecture

Biology Department


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